Hidden Treasures of Ramadan
Excellent Merits & Virtuous Deeds
As-Siyam generally means, “to abstain from something.” Abu Hurairah (ra) reported the messenger (PBUH), saying:
“Allah said: Every action of the son of Adam is for him except fasting, for that is solely for ME. I give the reward for it.”
The fast is a shield. If one is fasting, he should not use foul language, raise his voice, or behave foolishly. If someone reviles him or fights with him he should say, ‘I am fasting’ twice.
Narrated / Authority of: Abu Huraira; Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) said:
“Allah said, ‘All the deeds of Adam’s sons (people) are for them, except fasting which is for Me, and I will give the reward for it.’
Allah has blessed this month with numerous advantages and virtues over other months, and distinguished it due to the following merits:
This is the month in which the noble Qur’an was revealed,
Allah says: “The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the the Quran.” [Quran 2:185]
- In one of the odd nights of the last ten days of this month, there will be a night of Worshipping Allah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months. Allah Says;
“The night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months.” [Quran 97:3]
- One thousand months means 83 years and 4 months, which the average person does not This is one of the best graces that Allah has bestowed on this Muslim Ummah, granting us a very tremendous night in this month.
Suhur : Start of fasting
Suhur is recommended.
It is reported in Two Sahihs that Anas (ra) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) said:
“Eat the Suhur, for there is a blessing in Suhur.” [Muslim]
Amr bin Al-As narrated the prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said :
“The distinction between our fast and the fast of the People of the Book is the meal of suhur”.[Ahmad]
Imam Ahmad reported that Abu Sa’id narrated that Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) said:
“Suhur is a blessed meal. Hence, do not abandon it, even if one just takes a sip of water. Indeed, Allah and His angels send blessings upon those who eat Suhur”.
Charity and Donation
The third good deed of this blessed month of Ramadan is charity and benevolence.
“The Messenger (PBUH) was the most generous of people, and he used to be more so in the month of Ramadan when Jibrael(Gabriel) visited him. Jibrael used to meet him on every year in the night of Ramadan until the end of the month. The Messenger(PBUH) used to recite the Noble Quran to Jibrael, and when Jibrael met him, he was more generous than the fair wind [sent by Allah with glade tidings (rain), referring to doing charitable deeds].” [Muslim]
The goal of giving in charity and donating is to attain the pleasure of Allah. This will be achieved by spending wealth, in the way of charity, on those who are poor, needy, indigent, orphans, widows, oppressed and downtrodden people of the community, taking of social needs, etc. Taking care of their social needs and providing clothes for those who are suffering from the lack of garments to wear. Feeding those who are hungry, providing medicine and medical treatment for those who are ill. Looking after and helping in the affairs of orphans and widows. Giving shelter and asylum to those who are abandoned. Saving those who are in debt from their liabilities. These are a few good deeds that every individual can fulfill with mutual coordination and cooperation.
Feeding other was an interesting and popular act of kindness for the righteous predecessors. They not only invited the poor and the needy to attend their banquets, but they also extended invitations to their close friends, loved ones, and pious people. This is because they felt that a very cordial and pleasant relationship would result from such parties, as well as believing that prosperity and blessing will visit their homes and households due to the sincere invocations of those pious people in attendance.
Increasing The Recitation of the Quran
The blessed month of Ramadan is the month in which the Quran revealed. Thus, this blessed month of Ramadan is even more special in relation to the Quran, because Allah distinguished it by revealing the Quran during it.
Another reason is that on every night of Ramadan, the angel Jibrael (Gabriel) used to meet the messenger of Allah who would recite the whole Quran to Jibrael.
Time for IFTAR (Fasting ends at Sunset)
It is reported that Sahi bin Sa’d As Sa’idi narrated that Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) said:
“The people will retain goodness as long as they hasten in breaking the fast.” [Fath Al-Bari and Muslim]
Imam Ahmad recoded that Abu Hurrayah (ra) narrated that Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) said:
“Allah the Exalted said, “The dearest among My servants to Me are those who hasten in breaking the fast the most.” [Ahmad]
Dua when Breaking Fast
Meaning : The thirst has gone and the veins are quenched, and reward is confirmed, if Allah wills.
Transliteration : Zahabadh-dhama’u wabtallatil-‘urooqu, wa thabatal-ajru inshaa-Allaahu.
Source : Abu Dawud 2/306, Sahih Al-Jami As Saghir 4/209
The Night Prayer – Taraweeh
“And those who spend the night in prostration and standing before their lord.” [Quran 25-64]
“Whoever prayers night prayer in Ramadan, with firm belief and expecting a reward for it, his previous sins are forgiven.” [al-bukhari-muslim]
Great Blessing in Providing For One To Break The Fast
“He who provides a fasting person something with which to break his fasting, will earn the same reward as the one who was observing the fast, without demining the reward of the latter at all.”[At-Tirmidhi]
Practices of the Prophet (PBUH) during the last ten nights of Ramadan
Narrated by Aisha(ra) :
“When the last ten nights (of Ramadan) began, Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) would keep awake at night (for prayer and devotion), awaken his family and prepare himself to be more diligent in worship.” [Muslim]
Special Invocation for The Night Of Decree
The Night of Decree is likely to occur during one of the odd nights of the last ten nights of Ramadan, and by searching for that night it is better to stay awake during the most part of these nights including the Night Prayer, and the remembrance of Allah.
Aisha (ra), said:
“Allah’s Messenger(PBUH) used to strive more (in worship) during the last ten nights of Ramadan than he did during any other time.” [Muslim]
The Night of Qadr
This night will occur in one of the five odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan. The exact time of its occurrence is an absolute mystery. One of the possible reasons behind its secrecy that a true believer should endeavor in worshipping during those uneven nights so as to attain all rich reward and virtue of that tremendous time.
Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) encouraged us to search for the Night of Decree, He said :
“I was informed (of the date of the Night of Decree) but I was cause to forgot it (or I forgot); so, search for it in the odd nights of the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan.” [Muslim]
Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) has described its superiority and said :
“Whoever prays during the night of Decree, with firm belief and expecting reward for it, his previous sins are forgiven.” [Al-Bukhari]
The night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allâh in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, i.e. 83 years and 4 months)
Special Invocation for The Night Of Decree
Aisha (ra) said :
“I asked Allah’s Messenger(PBUH): ‘O Messenger of Allah! If I realize the Night of Decree, what should I supplicate in it?’ He (PBUH) replied, ‘You should supplicate”
“You should supplicate” : اَللَّهُمَّ اِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ ، تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي
I’tikaf means to stick to something, whether good or bad, and to block out everything else. It also means, seclusion and staying in the masjid with the intention of becoming closer to Allah.
“The Prophet (PBUH) would perform I’tikaf for ten days every Ramadan. In the year that he died, he performed it for twenty days.” [Al-Bukhari]
Performing ‘Umrah During Ramadan
Narrated Umm Sanaan Al-Ansariyah(ra) :
“The Messanger (PBUH) said to a woman: “Perform Umrah when Ramadan comes, for Umrah in Ramadan is equal to Hajj (in reward).” [Al-Bukhari-Muslim]
The first Eid of the year is known as Eid Al-Fitr. It marks the end of the month of Ramadan. The entire community comes together for special prayers and to congratulate each other. The rest of the day is typically spent visiting friends and family, enjoying time together.
What is Eid al-Fitr ?
The Arabic name Eid al-Fitr translates to ‘festival of the breaking of the fast’ in English. The prayers of the two ‘eids’ was prescribed in the first year after the migration. It is the Sunnah mu’kkadah as the prophet peace be upon him) always performs these prayers and he ordered the men and women to go out to attend them.
What to do on the Two Eids ?
It is preferred to make the ghusl, perfume one’s self and put on one’s best attire on the Occasions of the two Eids. Al-Hassan as-Sibt says :
“The Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) ordered us to wear the best clothes we could find for the two Eids and to apply the best perfume we could find and to sacrifice the best animal we could find.”
For Eid ul Fitr, it is a sunnah to eat an odd number of dates before going to pray salatul ‘Eid while for Eid-ul Adha the eating should be delayed until one returns from the ‘Id prayers.
“Salatul Eid” And Eid Khutbah
The Khutbah after Salatul ‘Eid is a sunnah and so is listening to it. Abdullah ibn as Sa’ib said :
“I prayed the Eid Salah with the Messenger (PBUH) and when he finished the Salah he said: “We will be delivering a Khutbah. Whoever wished to stay for the Khutabah may stay. Whoever would like to leave may leave.” [An-Nasi-Abu Dawud and ibn Majah]
Jabir ibn Nafir reported :
“When the companions of the prophet (PBUH) met each other on the Eid, they would say to each other, “taqabbal minna wa minka (may Allah) accept it from us and you.”